100 Shuttle Traditional Weaving Industries
Weaving of Lun Yar Kyaw, which is one of the Myanmar Traditional
Fabrics. First of all, the white silk is dyed according to
design and one's favourite colour. The dyed silk is made into
yarn by using a small spindle and put into the wooden reel.
These are used as a warp threads when weaving. Simultaneously,
yarn of various colours is mixed and made in accord with design
and the number of yarn one desires. These mixed yarn are also
wound onto the small bamboo bobbin of the wooden shuttle casing
for the desired amount. These are to use threads of the weft in
Dividing upper and lower yarn of warps from hitching-frame is
made by hand using big spindle. After that, yarns from the big
spindle are put into wooden spool. These yarns are put into the
frame of the reed in a loom. If you finish carrying out these
tasks, it is ready for weaving.
When you have chosen the design, weaving can take place. It is
very difficult to weave the 100-shuttle fabric. Much waft and
weave to create the wavy design. It takes about three years to
learn the art. Depending on the design, 100 or more looms are
used. Therefore, it is called Lun Yar Kyaw, which means fabric
specially woven with a hundred or two hundred shuttles of multi-coloured
Myanmar silk fabrics with intricate wavy design or pattern need
2 or 3 girls in a loom. To finish a fabric for one person, it
take at least one month. Mirror is used to check designs,
because woven up-side down. Right leg presses first and shuttle
is put when upper yarn and lower yarn are kept open. When all
shuttle are woven for entire line and only a frame of the reed
in a loom is used once.
When the weaving is done, the fabric's edge are cut with a pair
of scissors and a systematic Lun Yar Kyaw fabric is obtained.
There are altogether (50) to (70) patterns of Lun Yar Kyaw
fabric. It varies from pattern of the Royal Era to present days